As we all know, Tibet is a region full of mystery, not only its plateau climate, but also the local people's living customs. Like other culture, Birth and Death in Tibet are two important stages of life。 Here below we will talk about the funeral in Tibet. Tibet's funerals are divided into five categories, of varying ranks.
1. Stupa burial: It is the highest funeral. It is only used for living Buddha, high ranking lamas like the Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama.
2. Water burial: Generally, it is normally for not very good economic condition families
3. Fire Burial: It is the second high-level funeral after stupa funeral. This is primarily meant for other high ranking monks (not Dalai Lama/Panchen Lama) and high ranking officials.
4. Sky Burial: In Tibetan people's eyes, vultures are divine birds used for Sky burial, they can bring souls into heaven, Sky burial is the ritual for entering heaven.
Tree burial: It is another bizarre form of funeral where the dead are buried in a coffin and the coffin is then hung on trees, far away from human habitation. This is practiced primarily in the Nyingchi region.
In the old period, almost marriages were arranged, especially for women, they often know nothing about their husbands even their looks. Because this no-freedom marriage, it caused bad consequences to the social, like escape, suicide as both men and women could not get their right to love or get married.
The new era marriage in Tibetan is young men and women are in free love, but they still follow the traditional procedures of marriage proposals, engagements and weddings as it in the past.
Khata is the most popular gift among Tibetans all ranks. As silk fabrics for etiquette, Khata is indispensable in social activities among Tibetan people. The silk scarf used to express respects and congratulations are mostly white, blue and yellow. Besides, there are also colorful Khata, the colors are blue, white, yellow, green, red. Colorful Khata is the most precious gift , the color of blue means sky, white reps. white cloud, green is the clean river water, red is the God of protection, yellow symbolizes the earth.
Mani stone can be seen at almost everywhere in Tibet, like in the mountains, roads, lakes and riversides. These stones are mostly carved with six-character truth, wisdom eyes, statues and various auspicious patterns. They are masterpieces of Tibetan folk artists. In the vast grassland and remote mountain ditches, people work hard with knives and pens, carving scriptures and various Buddhist statues and auspicious patterns on ordinary stones, and decorating them with colors, so that those ordinary stones become Mani stones. The devout Tibetan believers believe that as long as they persevere in carving the six-character truth on the stones day and night, the stone will be with supernatural spirit and bring them good luck.
Fengma flag is one of the praying way of Tibetan traditional customs. Some square, angular and strip flags are orderly fixed on the head of the door, ropes, tree branches, waving between the earth and the sky. On those flags, it printed with thickly Tibetan incantations, scriptures, Buddha statues and mascot figures. The colors of Fengma flag are white, yellow, red, green and blue. In the minds of Tibetans, white is pure and kind, red is strong and vigorous, green is soft and gentle, yellow means kind and talented, blue is brave and resourceful.
In Tibetan areas, Greeting with Khata is a common and noble etiquette. No matter marriage or funeral, folk festivals, visiting dignitaries, welcoming guests, pilgrimage Buddha statues, pleading for love, completion of new houses, admission of wrongs, etc., all have the habit of offering Khata. Khata means to show purity, sincerity, loyalty and respect to each other. Of course, it represents different meanings in different situations.
The toasting is a kind of etiquette of the Tibetan people. When toasting guests, it is usually with barley wine. dip your ring finger in the wine and flick the wine to the sky, in the air and to the ground respectively to express your respects to the heaven, the earth and the ancestors before sipping the wine, and drink three sips, each sips the host will re-fill your cups, after three times, you can drink with your own will.
Tibetan clothing has a long history, Tibetan clothing is the Tibetan people's ordinary clothing, but also different from other nationalities, the most remarkable characteristics and basic features are that Tibetan robe worn by men are broad and normally fastened under the right arm, while the women's are slightly narrower with or without sleeves. Men typically wear white shirts with high collars, while women wear various colors with turn down collars.
The vast majority of Tibetans eat Roasted barley flour （zan ba） as their staple food. When eating zan ba, they will mix it with strong tea or milk tea, butter, cream residue, sugar and so on. It is easy to store, carry out for eating. In the past, Tibetans seldom ate vegetables, with beef and mutton as the main staple food, as well as pork.
The most common belief of the Tibetan is Buddhism. It seems that the locals are inseparable from their beliefs in their daily life. A pattern, a jewelry, seems that have a special meaning, like they are the gift from God. Therefore, many important Tibetan festivals are related to religious beliefs.
When Tibetan people make pilgrimages to Buddha statues, pagodas and living Buddhas, they usually do in temples with religious activities. Lama is the honorific title of the high priest in Tibetan Buddhism; the six-character truth refers to the six words of "an", "ma", "ni", "mei", "mi" "weng"; reincarnation means the circle of life and death.
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