1. Thangka Painting
Thang-ka is a unique painting art form in Tibetan culture. It has distinct national characteristics, strong religious and unique artistic style. It depicts the sacred world of Buddha with bright colors. Traditionally, pigments are made of precious mineral gems such as gold, silver, pearl, agate, coral, pine stone, malachite, cinnabar to show their sacredness. The drawing process of Traditional Thangka requires strict and complex procedures. It takes a long time to make a Thangka. It is praised as a treasure of Chinese national painting art and an encyclopedia of Tibet. It is also a precious intangible cultural heritage of Chinese folk art.
2. Stone and Rock carving
Tibetan stone carvings have a unique style and are widely distributed, including grottoes, cliff carvings, Mani carvings, stone tablets, stone statues and so on. From the relics of ancient megalithic stone to the Mani stone scattered in the mountains, the art of stone sculpture includes not only the restrained royal courts sculpture, but also the free and simple and rugged folk sculpture. Mani stone carving is a kind of popular stone carving art in Tibetan area.
3. Tibetan Murals
Tibetan murals are distributed on the walls of temples, mansions, palaces, houses, hotels and other places. Monasteries are the main places where frescoes gather. Tibetan murals are characterized by rich and varied techniques. Like Thangka, the pigments mixed with animal glue to keep the bright and the durable of color, the theme of murals are broader than it of Thangka. which always reflects the story of the wars, monasteries building, and laboring.
*** Tibet Culture Heritage***
1. Music & Dance
Tibetan is a nation with a long history and splendid culture. It has created a glorious history and colorful culture and art in the history of human civilization development. Therefore, it is called "the ocean of singing and dancing". Tibetan people are good at singing and dancing. Tibetans will sing anytime, for any event. And they will dance at festivals, weddings, gatherings and even during their leisure time. And No matter where you go, you can see young men and women, the senior people and children, dancing with holding hands and kicking legs.
Tibetan opera has a very large opera system. Because of the differences of natural conditions, living customs, cultural traditions and dialect pronunciation in different parts of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, it has a large number of artistic varieties and Tibet opera schools. Tibetan opera originated about 600 years ago, more than 400 years earlier than Peking Opera, which is known as the quintessence of the nation. It is known as the "living fossil" of Tibetan culture. In Tibetan opera performance, the general makeup is relatively simple, besides wearing masks, the other methods for makeup is color distinctness, we can distinguish the good, evil, loyalty of the characters from the masks color.
3. The biography of king Gesa -King Gesar
The biography of King Gesar is a great heroic epic created by the Tibetan people collectively. It has a long history, grand structure, vast and rich content, momentum and wide spread. Epic is an encyclopedia of ancient Tibetan society, which is known as the "Homer Epic of the East" and contains all the primitive core of Tibetan culture. It has high academic value, aesthetic value and appreciation value. King Gesar, legend has it, is the incarnation of Padmasambhava Master. He spent his whole life punish the evils and advocating the good. Advocating Buddhism and Dharma, and spreading them. He has become a proud hero of the Tibetan people.
Tibetan incense, mostly used in Buddhist sacrificial activities, but also used in amount of home. Its production process contains the essence of Tibetan culture. In Tibet, incense has been a part of their daily lives for many centuries.It is widely used for meditation, relaxation, and pray for fortune and clear away evils. The fragrance often helps to calm down and eliminate the restlessness.
2. Tibetan rugs
In the Qing Dynasty, Tibetan plateau lamas visited Beijing, offering Tibetan carpets as precious objects to the emperor to won the favor of the emperor. From the 18th century to the 19th century, with the deepening of Tibetan Buddhist culture, Tibetan carpet, as a noble gift, entered the mainland, and its production technology was improved. In the long historical years, Tibetan carpet weaving technology has been integrated into the deep Tibetan culture, making it enter the palace of art from simple practical products.
Dzi which means solemnity, excellence, blessings, wealth, beauty, nobility and elegance. Nowadays, Tibetans generally believe that Dzi is a jewelry with extraordinary magic power worn by immortals. It is a jewelry that immortals help mankind through hardships and disasters, turn bad luck into good luck, and sprinkle good luck on the world.
4. Tibet Knife
Tibetan knife, also known as Tibetan waist knife, is not only an indispensable tool in Tibetan people's production and life, but also has enjoy a high reputation abroad because of its unique characteristics in shape and technology. When describing Tibetan national characteristics, it always associates the people with knives. Most exquisite Tibetan knives come from skilled craftsmen. Especially when friends move into new house, get married or like to have babies, the owner will be very happy to be sent a Tibetan knife.
Besides the azure blue sky, the most bright sunshine and the most sacred mountains and lakes, Tibet ancient architectures can also show the beauty of the plateau scenery.
1. Palace: The Holy Land of the Royal and Divine Rights.
2. Zongshan Architecture includes Sutra Hall, Buddhist Hall, Zongfu, Prison, Warehouse, etc. Its greatest characteristic is that it has a complete defense system, for instance, the ruins of the Guge Dynasty.
3. Manor: the microcosm of history
4. Monastery: main body of ancient Tibetan architecture
5. Lin Ka: Traditional Garden
6. Blockhouse: Religious Residence
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